The Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Arura Tibetan Medical Group (TATMG) is the largest Tibetan Medicine organization at the provincial level in P.R. China. TATMG has the highest standard of Tibetan Medicine clinical care, training, and research in the nation. The goal of TATMG is to utilize the traditional medical system of Tibetan Medicine to provide good quality care and improve people’s health status at the local, provincial and national levels. IN order to achieve this goal, five major institutes were established to carry out various tasks. TATMG is located in Siling (Xining), the capital city of Tso-Ngon Province (traditionally called Amdo). The city is the center of economic, transportation, education, health, and culture of Tso-Ngon Province.
Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) University Tibetan Medical College
The Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) University Tibetan Medical College (TUTMC) was founded in 1987 with permission from the Minister of Education. In 1995, TUTMC became part of Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) University Tibetan Medical College, mainly for administrative purposes. In 2004, TUTMC became part of Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) University. The university was elected as a member of the National “211 Program,” the national project that aims to build top universities in P.R. China, and TUTMC has the best facility for learning Tibetan medicine.
The mission of TUTMC is to utilize traditional Tibetan medical teaching methods with modern biomedical teaching facilities to train at the bachelor, master, and doctoral levels Tibetan medical professionals, researchers, and academic personnel. Trained Tibetan medical doctors are able to participate in mainstream health care systems and to use Tibetan medicine to provide effective Healthcare Services to improve the population's wellbeing at the local, provincial, and national, as well as international levels.
TUTMC offers all three bachelor, master, and doctoral programs. The bachelor’s program has four majors: Tibetan Medicine Clinical Practices, Tibetan Medicine Pharmaceutics, Tibetan Medicine Management, and Integrative Medicine (Tibetan and Biomedicine). The master’s program has six major study directions: 1) Research of Tibetan Medicine classical literature, 2) Research of internal illnesses in Tibetan Medicine, 3) Diagnosis and clinical skills in Tibetan Medicine, 4) Global public health and Tibetan Medicine prevention, 5) Tibetan Medicine pharmaceutics and clinical utilization of Tibetan Medicine, and 6) Tibetan Medicine preparation and process methods. The doctoral program has two main focuses of research: 1) Tibetan Medicine classical literature research, and 2) Tibetan Medicine preparation and process methods.
Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Provincial Tibetan Medical Research Institute
The Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Provincial Tibetan Medical Research Institute (TPTMRI) was founded in 1983 and is the main research center for Tibetan Medicine. This research institute conducts Tibetan Medicine classical literature research, clinical research, new medicine analysis, as well as housing digitalized information on Tibetan Medicine. Currently, there are four branches of research centers under the umbrella of TPTMRI: they are the 1) Core Theory of Tibetan Medicine Center, 2) Clinical Research Center, 3) Pharmacology Research Center, and 4) Information and Technology Research Center.
Currently the research institute has 120 researchers, eight of whom are nationally well-known Chinese and Tibetan medicine experts. There are three laboratories recognized at the national level as China’s traditional medicine research laboratories, and one laboratory is recognized as the Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Province new medicine research lab. The research institute also utilizes Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Provincial Tibetan Medical Hospital facilities as its clinical research base. In addition, some of the researchers are faculty members of Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) University Tibetan Medical College, so they teach medical courses and advise masters and doctoral students of Tibetan Medicine.
Since the 1980s, preserving knowledge of Tibetan medicine is an important task of the research institute. Thus, the research institute has been able to collect over 2,000 classical Tibetan Medicine textbooks and many of these books are the only remaining rare copies in Tibetan regions. Researchers carefully looked through all 2,000 of these classical textbooks in order to maintain the original content of the books, then compiled and published 700 of the books in 2011 as A Series of Tibetan Medicine Classical Texts. This series has been distributed across the country, including overseas. Currently, the research institute is publishing Tibetan Medicine: The Great Collection of Classical Medical Texts in 62 volumes, and the Gyushi Pictorial Explanatory Texts in 6 volumes. At the same time, researchers are involved in writing and editing The 21st Century University Textbook of Tibetan Medicine in 38 volumes, and The 21st Century University Textbook of Biomedicine in 28 volumes.
The research institute has conducted 30 national and provincial research projects, five of which have been awarded provincial science and technology certificates. Twenty-six Tibetan Medicine products have been invented as self-patented research products; six of them are national level new products of medicine and four of them are Tso-Ngon Province’s highest new technology product of medicine. In addition, the research institute has conducted 25 new Tibetan Medicine clinical research projects and standardized 38 kinds of Tibetan Medicine diagnostic and special treatment methods. The research institute established six Tibetan Medicine digital repositories and designed a Tibetan Medicine website with three languages, which is currently the only comprehensive webpage for Tibetan Medicine in the country. Moreover, the research institute publishes the Tibetan Medicine journal, China Tibetan Medicine, which is the only national level Tibetan Medicine journal in P.R. China. Also, the research institute works with Tibetan medical hospitals to establish computerizing information management systems for provincial, prefectural and county levels of Tibetan medical hospitals.
Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Provincial Tibetan Medical Hospital
The Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Provincial Tibetan Medical Hospital (TPTMH) was established in 1983 and is the seat of today’s Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Arura Tibetan Medical Group. The hospital is the main institution for Tibetan Traditional Medicine clinical care, is a teaching hospital, and a Tibetan Medicine clinical trial/research base. Thus, the hospital has become the highest standard level of Tibetan medical hospital in the nation, which is recognized as Sanjie Jiaden Yiyun, the third level of a Tibetan medical hospital according to P.R. China’s criteria. In addition, the hospital has been appointed to be the national pharmacology research base and the national development model for China’s nationalities traditional medicine hospitals.
The hospital provides medical services to both in- and outpatients. The hospital currently has 460 beds and 11 departments of clinical specialties. There are 35 Tibetan medical doctors among the overall medical personnel (a total of 240 medical doctors and nurses) who have this highest level of professional recognition by the Minister of Health. These doctors are recognized at the national level as Tibetan medicine experts, and they are involved in both clinical medicine practices and advising master and doctoral students of Tibetan Medicine. Many of the doctors are faculty members of The Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) University Tibetan Medical College.
The medical care mainly consists of traditional Tibetan Medicine treatments, of which 38 kinds are utilized, such as herbal medicine, medicinal bath therapy, and external therapies. The hospital also has modern technologies, such as CT, DR, CR, and Ultrasound in order to have effective and high quality of diagnostic services, which is integrated with Traditional Tibetan Medicine diagnoses and treatments.
Herbal medicine is produced at the hospital’s Medicine Production Workshop, which is qualified as GPP standard with an allowance of five major types of medicine production by the provincial level FDA. A total of 401 kinds of traditionally compounded medicines are produced to use for clinical treatment. The medicine produced is mainly effective in treating varieties of arthritis, brain and cardiovascular problems, gallbladder and liver disorders, gynecological disorders, and digestive disorders. Patients come from various regions of P.R. China and also from overseas, for example, the USA, Japan, and Russia. Annually, some 83,000 patients receive treatment from the Outpatient Department, and some 5,000 receive treatment from the Inpatient Department at TPTMH.
Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Arura Pharmaceutical Company
The Tso-Ngon (Qinghai) Arura Pharmaceutical Company was established in 1992. The company is a provincial level Tibetan Medicine enterprise that produces standardized Tibetan Medicine for nationwide distribution. The company uses modern enterprise management techniques to manage entire systems of the company, including quality control of all Tibetan Medicine products, human resource management, financial management, and medicine products distribution.
The company’s facilities have a GMP standard for eight types of medicine to produce 74 kinds of compounded medicine with a national label. Among the 74 medicines, 25 of them are company self-patented products and 6 of them are recognized as national level new medicines. Twelve of them are nationally protected medicines and four of them are provincial science new technology products. Many of the medicine products have been awarded with national and provincial science technology recognitions. Two of the Tibetan Medicine production processes and methods were recognized at the national level in the non-material cultural heritage program.
The company is recognized as National Science Technology New Development of Enterprise, National High New Technology Production Model Enterprise, National Nationalities’ Products Pointed Enterprise, Tso-Ngon High New Technology Enterprise, and Tso-Ngon Science Technology Enterprise Model. The product brand is Jingke, which means Arura, and is a registered national level enterprise brand.
A Tibetan Medicine products distribution system has been established throughout P.R. China. The main distribution offices are in the Northeast, North, Central, South, East, Southwest, and Northwest of China. Along with Tibetan Medicine products distribution, the company established Jingke Zangyoa Guan, or “Arura Tibetan Medicine Gallery”. The Arura Tibetan Medicine Gallery was established as a unique model of the company’s medicine distribution system. It not only distributes Tibetan Medicine products, but it also exhibits Tibetan Medicine classical textbooks, external therapy tools, and Tibetan Medicine teaching thangkas to educate peoples about Tibetan Medicine so they will accept and utilize Tibetan Medicine correctly.
Arura Medicine of Tibet, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization, was formed to create a center for the study, training and practice of Tibetan Medicine (TM) and for the preservation and celebration of Tibetan culture in Charlottesville, VA.